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Dr Tofail Syed Profile

Contact Information:

Senior Lecturer Department of Physics & Energy

University of Limerick
Limerick, IRELAND
Tel: +353-61-234132



Weekly student drop in: Fridays :  11h00 – 13h00



2002    PhD, Department of Physics, University of Limerick, Limerick, IRELAND.

1999    MSc. Engineering, Department of Materials and Metallurgical  

Engineering, Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology, Dhaka, BANGLADESH.

1996    BSc. Engineering, Department of Materials and Metallurgical Engineering, Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology, Dhaka, BANGLADESH.


Career Details:

2011- present Lecturer in Biomaterials Physics, Department of Physics &  Energy,  University of Limerick, Limerick, IRELAND

2006- 2011      Senior Research Fellow, Materials & Surface Science Institute, University of Limerick, Limerick, IRELAND

2002- 2006      Postdoctoral Fellow, Materials & Surface Science Institute, University of Limerick, Limerick, IRELAND

1997- 2003      Lecturer Department of Materials and Metallurgical Engineering, Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology, Dhaka, BANGLADESH


Research Interests:

1. Nanoscience and converging technology (nano-bio interactions, novel instrumentations)

2. Novel Physical Properties of biomaterials

3. Advanced ceramic synthesis (bulk and thin films)

4. Powder metallurgy and vacuum synthesis of nonferrous metals and processing

My group uses first principle and phenomenological modelling techniques to design nano and biomaterials with specific desired properties. We carry out synthesis and processing of carefully selected model systems and characterise them to determine the efficacy of the designed materials in providing the targeted physical property. The group makes extensive use of the state of the art modelling (ab initio and phenomenological), synthesis and processing (ceramics and metal) and custom-made and state of the art characterization techniques available at the MSSI,UL.  The group is well funded by the
European Commission, Enterprise Ireland and local biomedical device companies






1st year postgraduate

Foundations of Industrial Physics

Nanotechnology I

1st year postgraduate

Introduction to Nanotechnology


3rd year undergraduate

Physics of Solids


4th year undergraduate

Medical Instrumentation


Selected Publications:

Books/Chapters (1 edited book, 6 book chpaters)

Tofail, S.A.M. (ed.). January 2012. Biological Interactions with Surface
Charge Biomaterials
, Cambridge: RSC Publishing, ISBN
978-1-84973-185-0; ISSN: 1757-7136; DOI: 10.1039/9781849733366.

  1. McNamara,  K. and Tofail, S.A.M. March 2013. Biomedical Applications of Nanoalloys. In: Nanoalloys: From
    Fundamental to Emergent Applications (ed. Calvo Florent), Amsterdam:
    Elsevier. ISBN  978-0-12-394401-6
  2. Tofail  S. A. M. and A.A. Gandhi. January 2011,
    Electrical Modifications of Biomaterials’ Surfaces: Beyond Hydrophobicity
    and Hydrophilicity. In: Biological
    Interactions with Surface Charge Biomaterials 
    (ed. S.A.M. Tofail),
    Cambridge: RSC Publishing, ISBN 978-1-84973-185-0; ISSN: 1757-7136; DOI:
  3. Gregor,  M., T. Plecenik, A. Plecenik, C. Wolf-Brandstetter, D. Scharnweber, and S.A.M.
     January 2012 Surface charge measurements on biomaterials in
    dry and wet conditions, In: Biological Interactions with Surface Charge Biomaterials (ed. S.A.M. Tofail), Cambridge: RSC Publishing, ISBN 978-1-84973-185-0; ISSN: 1757-7136; DOI: 10.1039/9781849733366.
  4. Bauer,  J., K. Kowal, S.A.M. Tofail, and H. Podbielska, January 2012. MRSA
    resistant textiles. In: BiologicalInteractions with Surface Charge Biomaterials (ed. S.A.M. Tofail), Cambridge: RSC Publishing, ISBN 978-1-84973-185-0; ISSN: 1757-7136; DOI:
  5. Tofail,  S.A.M., Rahman, I. Z., Rahman, M. A., and Mahmood, R.K.U.; Influence of Nanoporosity and Roughness on Thickness-Dependent Coercivity of Iron Nanonetwork; Hofmann, H.,Rahman,   Z. and Schubert, U.(eds.); Nanostructured Materials; Wien: Springer-Verlag; 2002.
  6. Tofail,  S. A.M., (1997) Free Market: Its Effects on Underdeveloped Technology (in Bengali). In: Free Market.. Kabir, H., Dhaka: Sandesh Publishers.
  7. Haseeb, A. S. M. A., Islam, M. F., Alam, O. and Tofail, S. A. M, (1997)
    Surface Hardening Behavior of Titanium Alloys in Carburization In:  Misra, B. and Kipouros, G. J. (eds.) Titanium Extraction and Processing,Warrendale: TMS.


Selected Peer Reviewed Journal Articles (since 2008)


  1. Pita, I., Hendaoui, N., Liu, N.,Kumbham, M., Tofail, S.A.M., Peremans, A. and Silien C. High resolution imaging with differential infrared absorption micro-spectroscopy.
    Optics Express, in press.
  2. Lang SB, Tofail S.A.M.,Kholkin, AL, Wojtas, M., Gregor, M., Gandhi, A.A., Wang, Y., Bauer, S., Krause, M. and Plecenik, A., July 2013. Ferroelectric Polarization in
    Nanocrystalline Hydroxyapatite Thin Films on Silicon. Scientific Reports,
    3, pp 22151-22156.
  3. Mullins, M., Murphy, F., McAlea, E.M., Tofail, S.A.M. April 2013. Insurability of Nanomaterial Production Risk. Nature Nanotechnology, 8, pp 222-224. ISSN:
  4. Korostynska O., Gandhi AA., Mason A., Shamaa A.A., Tofail SAM. February 2013. Biomedical Sensing with Hydroxyapatite Ceramics in GHz Frequency Range. Key
    Engineering Materials, 543, pp 26-29. ISSN: 1662-9795.
  5. Truchly,M., Plecenik, T., Secianska,K., Gregor, M., Zahoran,M., Vargova, M., Mikula,
    M., Grancic, B., Plesch, G., Tofail, S.A.M., Kus, P. and Plecenik,
    A. January 2013..Surface potential patterning of hydroxyapatite films by
    focused electron beam: influence of the electron energy, Applied Surface
    Science, 269, pp 184-187. ISSN: 0169-4332
  6. Silien, C., Liu, N., Hendaoui, N., Tofail,S.A.M. and Peremans, A. December 2012. A
    framework for far-field infrared absorption microscopy beyond the
    diffraction limit. Optics Express, 20 (28), pp 29694-29704. ISSN: 1094-4087.
  7. Wolf-Brandstetter, C;
    Scharnweber, D; Hempel, U; Clyens, S; Gandhi, A A; Korostynska, O; Oswald,
    S; Tofail, S A M; Theilgaard, N; Wiesmann, H-P. September 2012. The
    impact of heat treatment on interactions of contact-poled biphasic calcium
    phosphates with proteins and cells, Acta Biomaterialia, 8,
    pp 3468 – 3477. ISSN 1742-7061
  8. Zhang, Y., Gandhi, A. A., Zeglinski, J., Gregor, M., and Tofail, S. A. M., August 2012. A
    Complementary Contribution to Piezoelectricity from Bone Constituents, IEEE
    Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation, 19, pp. 1151 – 1157. ISSN 1070-9878,
  9. McNamara, K, Tofail, S.A.M., Conroy, D. Butler, J., Gandhi, A.A. and
    Reddington, W. August 2012. X-ray Analyses of Thermally Grown and Reactively Sputtered Tantalum Oxide Films on NiTi Alloy, Nucl. Instr. and Meth. B. 284, pp. 49 – 52. ISSN 0168-583X
  10. Casati, R., Tuissi, A., Belochapkine, S.,Dickinson, C.; Tofail, S.A.M. March 2012. Thin NiTi Wires with Reduced Thermal Hysteresis for Shape Memory Actuators, Functional
    Materials Letters. 5 pp. 1250009.
  11. Zeglinski, J., Nolan M., Bredol M., Schatte A. and Tofail, S.A.M., February 2012. Unravelling the specific site preference in doping of calcium hydroxyapatite with
    strontium from ab initio investigations and Rietveld analyses, Phys. Chem.
    Chem. Phys., 14, pp. 3435-3443.
  12. Twohig, E.,  Tiernan, P., Tofail, S.A.M.,
    April 2012. Experimental study on dieless drawing of Nickel–Titanium
    alloy, Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials,
    Volume 8, pp 8-20.
  13. Prokopowicz, M., Żegliński, J.,
    Gandhi, A.A., Sawicki, W. and Tofail, S.A.M., January 2012. Biodegradable
    and bioactive silica-based drug delivery systems containing doxorubicin,
    Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces 93, pp.  249– 259.
  14. Plecenik, T. Sylvain Robin, S. Gregor, M., Truchly, M., lLang S.B., Gandhi, AA,
    Zahoran M., Laffir F., Soulimane T., Vargova, M., Plesch, G., Kus, P.,
    Plecenik, A. and Tofail, S.A.M., January 2012. Directly created
    electrostatic micro-domains on hydroxyapatite: probing with a Kelvin Force
    probe and a protein, J. Materials: Materials for Medicine, 23 (1), pp.
    47-50. ISSN: 0957-4530.
  15. Periyat, P., Laffir,F. R, Tofail, S. A. M. and Magner. E., December
    2011. A Facile Aqueous Sol-gel Method for High Surface Area
    Nanocrystalline CeO2. RSC Advances, 1 (9), pp. 1595-1844. ISSN: 2046-2069.
  16. Robin, S., Gandhi, A. A., Gregor, M., Laffir, F. R., Plecenik, T., Plecenik, A., Soulimane
    T., and Tofail, S. A. M. December 2011. Charge Specific Protein
    Placement at Submicrometer and Nanometer Scale by Direct Modification of
    Surface Potential by Electron Beam. Langmuir, 27 (24), pp. 14968-14974.
    ISSN: 0743-7463.
  17. Kowal K., Wysocka-Król, K. Kopaczyńska, M., Franiczek, R.,
    Dworniczek E., Wawrzyńska M., Vargová, M., Zahoran M., Rakovský, E.,  Kuš, P., Plesch, G., Plecenik, A., Laffir, F., Tofail, S.A.M., Podbielska, H., In situ photoexcitation
    of silver doped titania nanopowders for activity against  methicillin resistant Staphylococus aureus (MRSA), Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Volume 362, Issue 1, 1 October 2011, Pages 50-57
  18. Tiernan, P., Carolan, R., Twohig, E., Tofail, S. A. M. May
    2011. Design and development of a novel load-control dieless rod drawing
    system, CIRP Journal of Manufacturing Science and Technology. Volume 4.
    Pages 110-117
  19. Lang, S.B., Tofail, S.A.M., Gandhi, A. A., Gregor, M.,
    Wolf-Brandstetter, C., Kost, J., Bauer, S., and Krause, M., Pyroelectric,
    piezoelectric, and photoeffects in hydroxyapatite thin films on silicon,  Applied Physics Letters, 98, March 2011, pp. 123703-5.
  20. Plecenik, T., Tofail, S. A. M., Gregor, M, Zahoran, M., Truchly, M., Laffir, F., Roch, T., Durina, P., Vargova M., Plesch G., Kus P., Plecenik, A., Direct creation of
    micro-domains with positive and negative surface potential on
    hydroxyapatite coatings, Applied Physics Letters, 98, March 2011, pp. 113701-3.
  21. Butler, J., Tiernan, P., Gandhi, A.A., McNamara K., and Tofail,
     2011. Production of Nitinol Wire from Elemental Nickel and
    Titanium Powders through Spark Plasma Sintering and Extrusion, Journal of
    Materials Engineering and Performance. 20 (4-5), pp. 757-761
  22. Butler, J., Tiernan, P., Gandhi, A.A., Belachopkine, S.,
    and Tofail, S.A.M.. 2011. Processing of small scale Nitinol billets
    by Induction Heated Non-Conventional Isothermal Extrusion (IHNCIE). ASME-
    Journal of Engineering Materials and Technology, 133, 10 April 2011, pp. 021009-021020.
  23. Gnanappa, A. K., Murchu, C. O., Slattery, O., Peters, F., O’Hara, T., Aszalós-Kiss, B. and Tofail, S. A. M.. 2011. Improved aging performance of vapor phase deposited hydrophobic self-assembled monolayers; Applied Surface Science, 257, 15 February
    2011, Pages 4331-4338.
  24. Gandhi, A. A., Gunning, R., Ryan, K.M. and Tofail, S.A.M.,
    2010. The role of texturing and densification on optical transmittance of
    hydroxyapatite ceramics, J. Amer. Ceram. Soc., 93, November 2010, pp.
  25. Nolan, M. and Tofail, S.A.M., The atomic level structure of the TiO2–NiTi interface, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 12, August 2010, pp. 9742–9750.
  26. Nolan, M. and Tofail, S.A.M., Density functional theory simulation of titanium migration and reaction with oxygen in the early stages of oxidation of equiatomic NiTi
    alloy, Biomaterials, 31 (13), May 2010, pp. 3439-3448; 0142-9612.
  27. O’Donoghue, L., Gandhi, A.A., Butler, J., Redington, W., Tiernan, P., McGloughlin, T., Carlson, J.C., Lavelle, S. and Tofail, S.A.M.; X-ray and microstructural investigation of
    NiTiPt alloys homogenised at intermediate to high temperatures; Nucl.Instr. and Meth. B; 268, February 2010, pp 287-290; ISSN: 0168-583X.
  28. Tofail, S. A. M., Baldisseri, C., Haverty, D., McMonagle, J. B., Erhart, J.; Pyroelectric surface charge in hydroxyapatite ceramics, Journal
    of Applied Physics; 106, December 2009, 106104; ISSN: 0021-8979.
  29. Bakir, A., McLaughlin, P., Tofail, S.A.M and Fitzgerald, E.;Competitive Sorption of
    Antimony with Zinc, Nickel, and Aluminum in a Seaweed Based Fixed-bed
    Sorption Column; CLEAN – Soil, Air, Water, 37 (9), September
    2009, pp 712-719; ISSN: 1863-0650.
  30. Murphy, V., Tofail, S.A.M., Hughes, H., McLoughlin, P.; A novel study of hexavalent chromium detoxification by selected seaweed species using SEM-EDX and XPS analysis; Chemical Engineering Journal, 148 (2-3), May 2009, pp 425-433; ISSN: 1385-8947
  31. Tofail, S.A.M., Haverty, D., Cox, F., Erhart, J., Hana, P., and Ryzhenko, V.; Direct
    and ultrasonic measurements of macroscopic piezoelectricity in sintered
    hydroxyapatite; Journal of Applied Physics, 105(6), March 2009, pp 064103;
    ISSN: 0021-8979.
  32. Gnanappa, A. K., Murchu, C. O., Slattery, O., Peters, F., Aszalós-Kiss, B. and Tofail, S. A. M.Effect of Annealing on Hydrophobic Stability of Plasma Deposited Fluoropolymer
    ; Polymer Degradation and Stability93 (12), December 2008,pp. 2119-2126;
    ISSN: 0141-3910. Gnanappa, A. K., Murchu, C. O., Slattery, O., Peters, F., O’Hara, T., Aszalós-Kiss, B. and Tofail, S. A. M.;. Effect of Annealing on Improved Hydrophobicity of Vapor Phase Deposited Self-assembled Monolayers; Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 112 (38), September 2008, pp. 14934-14942; ISSN: 1932-7447.


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