Bail Supervision for Children
The REPPP project were delighted to host an Open Information Session on the new Bail Supervision programme for children. Fiona Murphy , Manager Bail Supervision Service, Extern, Dublin gave a fascinating presentation on this innovative programme on the 12th of February 2018. Fiona outlined the background to the programme, and ts operations to date. The presentation was followed by a discussion.
Ireland has a relatively low use of detention for children. However, children on remand, that is, either awaiting trial or sentence, have continued to account for between 20-30 per cent of the detention population at any one time. While there are a now a range of non-custodial measures available for children who are convicted, problems arise in that the options for children pre-trial or pre-sentence are limited simply to ‘bail’ or ‘no bail’. Multi-Systemic Therapy [MST] (an evidence based programme from the United States), has been tested extensively in child welfare and some youth justice settings in a large number of jurisdictions. In 2016 an innovative programme was designed and piloted in Dublin as a new ‘bail supervision programme’ incorporating MST. This programme offers elevated levels of support and supervision for children who would be ordinarily remanded to detention. The strategic intention is that with such a programme the demand for detention for children will be further reduced.
Presentation Hosted by DCYA and IYJS
On the 21st March, 8 of the schools’ final year students, Sarah Loughran, Alison Kiely, Shane O’Reilly, Lauren Derwin, Katie Tyrrell, Pamela Gubbins, Una Walsh and John Dunne, presented their work on Legal and Policy Instruments to Protect Children from Adult’s Grooming for Crime, at a meeting hosted by Secretary-General Dr Fergal Lynch and Michelle Shannon, Director of Irish Youth Justice Services at the Department of Children and Youth Affairs. As part of their Advanced Lawerying module, the students used their learning over their degree course to produce a policy document that evaluated legislative and policy instruments employed in various jurisdictions to tackle the global problem of adults grooming children for crime. Specifically, the instruments were being examined to check their utility in relation to the problems presented by the Greentown study. The students’ work was part of the REPPP project and was supervised by Prof. Sean Redmond, Dr Eimear Spain and Dr Catherine Naughton. The students’ research was timely in the light of both the recent publication of Special Rapporteur on Child Protection, Geoffrey Shannon’s annual report, which recommended the introduction of legislation to prosecute adults who groom children to commit crimes, and the introduction of the Criminal Law (Recruitment of Children to Engage in Criminal Activity) Bill 2018 to the Oireachtas by Deputy Anne Rabbitte. The students received very positive feedback from officials. Dr Fergal Lynch stated that it was ‘a hugely enjoyable presentation’. Officials commented favourably on the succinctness and precision of the inputs – 8 analyses presented in 20 minutes.
The Research Evidence into Policy Programmes and Practice project (REPPP) in the School of Law host recent meeting of Youth Work Ireland CEO’s. This youth justice focused sub group have engaged the REPPP project to consult on best practice and developments in the area. Youth Work Ireland and their affiliated services, for example Limerick Youth Service, manage a large number of Garda Youth Diversion Projects around the country.
The Greentown research project is an initiative of the Research Evidence into Policy, Programmes and Practice (REPPP) project located in the School of Law. It consists of Principal Investigator Prof Sean Redmond and researchers Eoin O’Meara Daly, John Reddy and Dr Catherine Naughton. The initial Greentown study of how locally based criminal networks influence youth offending has been used to inform a series of innovative expert workshops. This deliberative process was chaired by Dr Sean Redmond and set over 3 workshop events, with the final workshop culminating in a 2-day event on the 12th and 13th of December. The process aims to develop a new and effective response to the problem of children’s engagement with local criminal networks. A range of national and international experts in the areas of programme design, child welfare, law enforcement and criminal networks were recruited in order to identify missing evidence gaps, propose solutions and to assist directly in the development of a programme to:
a) Reduce the influence of criminal networks on child offending; and
b) Improve pro-social outcomes for children involved in criminal networks.
In the final 2 day workshop the emerging solutions and programme proposals were stressed tested by critical examination of expert peers and by using a novel ‘Dragons Den’ style approach. The Greentown team wishes to acknowledge and thank the voluntary contribution of all experts and the support of the School of Law, ITD and all University staff involved.
The Greentown Report undertaken by the Prof Sean Redmond, PI of the REPPP project in the School of Law, was the featured research in the recently published report by the Scottish Centre for Youth and Criminal Justice. One of the key findings in the Greentown Study was the negative impact of criminal networks on young people’s prolonged and more serious offending in Ireland. The high relevance of the Greentown study in this current report indicates the potential impact of the REPPP project work on children and organised crime beyond Ireland.
The original report can be accessed here
The CYCJ report can be accessed here
‘Dr Sean Redmond, School of Law presenting to an invited audience at the University of Strathclyde, Glasgow. Sean was speaking at an event organised by the Centre for Youth and Criminal Justice in Scotland about the Research Evidence into Policy, Programmes and Practice [REPPP] project and the REPPP team’s research into children’s involvement with crime networks’.
The Research into Evidence Research Evidence into Policy Programmes and Practice project (REPPP) Project located in the School of Law were delighted to be represented by John Reddy and Deirdre Fullerton at the 5th Annual Irish Government Economic and Evaluation Service (IGEES) conference held in Dublin Castle on the 14th of June. The event was attended by 150 delegates from Government Departments, academia and research insitutions, and was closed by the Minister for Finance and Public Expenditure & Reform Paschal Donohoe. John and Deirdre’s presentation ‘Looking outwards and inwards - Two examples of assembling evidence to inform Irish youth justice policy and practice’, the sole non-governmental presentation, was well received.
6th -7th of September
The REPPP team was delighted to host a panel at the North South Criminology Conference on the 6th of September in UCD. The team of Dr Sean Redmond, John Reddy, Deirdre Fullerton and Dr Catherine Naughton presented on four current Policy led research projects. Brendan Sheehy from the Irish Youth Justice Service introduced the panel, he outlined the benefits of this innovative government/academic partnership to delivering a rational approach to youth crime policy, programmes and practice in Ireland. John Reddy presented his work on the ‘Data Utility Study’ which examines the value of routine data collected in the Irish Youth Justice System in terms of indicating effectiveness and the important factors which influence and shape data collection processes. Deirdre Fullerton presented her work on the ‘Relationship Study, a systematic review to identify features of effective relationships between youth professionals and young people. Catherine Naughton presented on the ‘Bail Supervision Scheme (BSS) Evaluation’ which combines experimental and realist designs to evaluate the contribution of the BSS pilot programme in the reduction of remand to detention for children and improvements in their bail compliance. Finally Sean Redmond presented on the ‘Greentown Project’, which investigates the influence that criminal networks have on children’s offending behaviour in Ireland. Primary research provides evidence to inform an Intervention Programme Design.
The School of Law was also represented at the North South Conference by Prof Shane Killcommins, Dr Johnny Connolly, Dr Norah Burns and Dr Eoin Guilfoyle
Fiona Dyer, Deputy Director CYCJ Scotland, Prof Ray Friel, Director of Research, School of Law, UL and Nina Vaswani, Head of Research, CYCJ Scotland
Wednesday the 4th of October saw the visit of Fiona Dyer, Deputy Director CYCJ Scotland, and Nina Vaswani, Head of Research, CYCJ Scotland to the School of Law for collaborative discussion with the REPPP team. CYCJ Scotland is located in the University of Strathclyde and funded by the Scottish Government. They undertake research to inform youth justice policy and practice, work directly with practitioners and policy-makers in developing, supporting and coordination activities and support the sharing and dissemination of knowledge in the area of youth justice.
Productive discussions took place which included the adaptability of Greentown methodology and engaging with practitioners to develop practice based knowledge. The REPPP team look forward to working with CYCJ Scotland in the future on a number of agreed projects.
The Greentown programme design implementation consultations reach their final stages with management and front line staff from the Probation service hosted by the School of Law’s Dr Sean Redmond and Eoin O Meara Daly, REPPP project. This innovative and original approach to stress testing was a cog in the wheel of a new evidence informed programme for young people caught up in serious crime. It follows on from the original Greentown Study (Redmond, 2015) and the replication case studies by Eoin O Meara Daly and Dr Catherine Naughton that are nearing completion.
“Unlocking the Power of Data for Criminal Justice Research, Policy-Making and Practice”.
October 5th 2018
Adj Professor Sean Redmond presented at the 21st annual Associatoin for Criminal Justice Research and Development Conference on the 5th of October 2018. Sean paper ‘The Contribution of Scientific Evidence to Youth Justice Reform in Ireland: Balancing Precision with Momentum’ contributed to the conference theme of unlocking criminal justice data to provide evidence-based research to inform policy and practice.