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Spanish For Junior Certificate


Hay – there is (singular)                    No hay --  there is not

            There are (plural)                    No hay – There are not          

Hay dos perros en la casa.

No hay muchas manzanas.

Hay un perro muy grande.

Exercises to practise:

  1. There are a lot of houses in the city.
  2. There are not many cups of coffee on the table.
  3. There is one person in the shop.
  4. There are 600 pupils in the school.
  5. There are 6 bedrooms in the house
  6. There is no water on the glass


Vocabulary related to House/Casa

Piso: Flat                                                                     Apartamento: Apartment

Habitaciòn: Room                                                       Salòn: Sitting Room

Cuarto de Baṅo: Bathroom                                         Pasillo: Hall

Comedor: Dining Room                                             Cocina: Kitchen

Mesa: Table                                                                 Silla: Chair

Cama: Bed                                                                  Plato: Plate

Taza: Cup                                                                   Cuchara: Spoon

Cuchillo: Knife                                                           Tenedor: Fork

Vaso: Glass                                                                 Servilleta: Napkin

Jardìn : Garden                                                           Televisiòn: TV

Sofà: couch                                                                 Cama: Bed

Làmpara: Lamp                                                           Mesilla de noche: Side table                                                  

Demonstrative Adjectives



                                    MASCULINE(Masculino)     FEMININE (Femenino)


THIS                           ESTE                                      ESTA

THAT                          ESE                                        ESA

THAT (over there)      AQUEL                                  AQUELLA


THESE                        ESTOS                                   ESTAS

THOSE                       ESOS                                      ESAS

THOSE (over there)    AQUELLOS                          AQUELLAS


Demonstrative adjectives always precede the noun and agree with it in gender and number:

Este coche

Esa iglesia

Aquellos libros


It must be repeated:

Estos chicos y estas chicas

Esas mesas y esas sillas                     


That car is expensive


Those cigarettes are strong


That church is very old


These friends are from Malaga


This table is free


This lift is full


Those grapes are sweet


Those books (over there) are interesting